Botanical Museum Items & Displays

Sarūd (Sufra) Tablemats

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Sarūds are large circular woven tablemats that are used for serving food. They are made of palm tree leaves and can also be used as colorful wall decorations.


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Sallah (Baskets)

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

A date basket is cubical structure made of palm tree fronds, usually 15 cm. by 50 cm. in size. It has a door at the top and enough space between the frond pieces to allow good ventilation. These are permanently used to store dates and can be easily kept on shelves.


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Minaz (Al-Manaz)

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Minaz is a rectangular crib made from palm tree fronds with a tent-like canopy to protect the infant from flies and mosquitoes. It has an elevated bottom that creates a space below where the infant’s clothes can be stored.


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Mansaf

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Mansafs are shallow round baskets that look like trays. They are made of palm tree stems (the fronds without the leaves) and are used to clean grains such as rice from dust and other impurities.


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Makabba (Al-Magbba)

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Makabba is a cone-shaped container made of palm tree leaves. It is used to cover food plates to keep insects away. The term “Al-Makabba” also refers to a kind of bird cages for pigeons and other small birds. These have a door on top and are usually hung on walls to keep rodents and other animals from getting to the birds.


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Mahaffa (Al-Mirwaha)

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

These are hand fans made from colored palm tree leaves. They are usually rectangular or round with a piece of a frond as a handle. They are used for airing and to shoo flying insects.


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Jifīr (Baskets)

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Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Jifīrs are round, but sometimes cylindrical woven baskets with tight covers. They are made of colored palm tree leaves and tamarisk stems. They are used to store food and dates.


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Jafīr (Al-Arraq - Al-Zabil - Al-Jifīr - Al-Quffa)

Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Jafīrs are wide barrel-shaped woven baskets. They are made of palm tree leaves and have two handles. They can be used to store dates, food and flour. They are also used to transport ripe dates after harvesting. In some Gulf areas, these baskets are called Al-Zabīl.


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Ḥaṣīr (Mats)

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Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al-Ḥaṣīr are sitting mats made from palm tree leaves that can also be used for sleeping. These rectangular mats can be made from other plants as well, such as cattail aquatic plant and sea rush grass among others.


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Ḥabl

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Categories: Date Palm tools
Description:

Al- Ḥabl is a belt made of linen and palm tree bark fiber. It is a soft brown fiber found in the stem of palm trees. The belt is a rope covered with a layer of linen, and it is used to climb palm trees for pollination or to cut down date crowns during harvest season.


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