Plant Names (Scientific)

Acacia

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Scientific Name:Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf.
Arabic name(s):Orfut
English name(s):Acacia
Growth form:

Acacia oerfota is a perennial deserty shrub.

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Aloe

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Scientific Name:Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.
Arabic name(s):Sabr / Sabar
English name(s):Aleo
Growth form:

Aloe is a perennial herb. Stem-less or very short-stemmed succulent plant.

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Aloewood / Agarwood

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Scientific Name:Aquilaria malaccensis Lam.
Arabic name(s):Olowah / Oud
English name(s):Aloewood / Agarwood
Growth form:

Aquilaria is a large evergreen tree.

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Apple

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Scientific Name:Malus domestica Borkh.
Arabic name(s):Tofah
English name(s):Apple
Growth form:

The apple tree is a deciduous tree, generally standing to two meter height. The Apple tree belong to the family Rosaceae and is grown for its fruits, the apple.

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Balm of Gilead Tree

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Scientific Name:Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C. Chr.
Arabic name(s):Basahm / Balasan Makki
English name(s):Balm of Gilead Tree
Growth form:

Bisham "Balm of Gilead" is a dioecious small tree or a large shrub, up to 4m.

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Banana

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Scientific Name:Musa X paradisiaca L. (pro sp.)
Arabic name(s):Talh mandoud
English name(s):Banana
Growth form:

Banana is a large herbal plant.

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Barley

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Scientific Name:Hordeum vulgare L.
Arabic name(s):Sha’eer
English name(s):Barley
Growth form:

Barley is annual cereal grass.

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Bitter gourd / Colocynth

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Scientific Name:Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.
Arabic name(s):Hanzal
English name(s):Bitter gourd / Colocynth
Growth form:

Colocynth is a perennial, procumbent herb.

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Black cumin / Black seeds

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Scientific Name:Nigella sativa L.
Arabic name(s):Al-Habatu As-Sawdaa
English name(s):Black cumin / Black seeds
Growth form:

Black cumin is an annual herbaceous erect plant.

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Bottle Gourd / Calabash

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Scientific Name:Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.
Arabic name(s):Yaqtin
English name(s):Bottle Gourd / Calabash
Growth form:

Bottle gourd "Yaqtin" is an annual climber or a vine herb.

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Buxus/ Katam hair dye

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Scientific Name:Buxus dioica Forssk.
Arabic name(s):Katam
English name(s):Buxus/ Katam Hair Dye
Growth form:

Katam is an evergreen shrub or small tree.

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Camel Grass

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Scientific Name:Cymbopogon schoenanthus Spreng.
Arabic name(s):Idhkhir
English name(s):Camel grass
Growth form:

Cymopogon is perennial aromatic grass.

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Camel grass / Desert bunchgrass

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Scientific Name:Panicum turgidum Forssk.
Arabic name(s):Jalil
English name(s):Camel grass / Desert bunchgrass
Growth form:

Panicum is a desert perennial grass.

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Camphor tree / Camphor Gum

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Scientific Name:Dryobalanops aromatica C.F. Gaertn.
Arabic name(s):Kafur
English name(s):Camphor tree / Camphor Gum
Growth form:

Camphor tree "Kafur" is a large evergreen tree. There are various species named camphor; Dryobalanops sumatrensis (J.F.Gmel.) Kosterm and Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl.

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Cattail / Bulrush

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Scientific Name:Typha domingensis Pers.
Arabic name(s):Haf’a
English name(s):Cattail / Bulrush
Growth form:

Cattail is an aquatic, perennial rhizomatous herb used to make the straw mats.

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Christ thorn / Sidra

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Scientific Name:Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Arabic name(s):Sidr
English name(s):Christ thorn
Growth form:

Christ thorn "Sidr" is a shrub, or evergreen tall tree.

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Citron

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Scientific Name:Citrus medica L. var. cedrata Risso
Arabic name(s):Autrujj
English name(s):Citron
Growth form:

Perennial shrub or tree

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Costus / Crepe ginger

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Scientific Name:Cheilocostus speciosus (J. König) C.D. Specht
Arabic name(s):Qust
English name(s):Costus / Crepe ginger
Growth form:

Kust root is a tropical perennial herb.

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Cumin

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Scientific Name:Cuminum cyminum L.
Arabic name(s):Sanout
English name(s):Cumin
Growth form:

Cumin plant is a small annual herb.

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Date Palm Tree

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Scientific Name:Phoenix dactylifera L.
Arabic name(s):Nakhil
English name(s):Date Palm Tree
Growth form:

The Date Palm is a perennial, dioecious tree (i.e both male and female inflorescence are in separate individuals). Some of Date Palm varieties grow over 10 meter height.

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Desert thorn

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Scientific Name:Astragalus spinosus (Forssk.) Muschl.
Arabic name(s):Qatad
English name(s):Desert thorn
Growth form:

Desert thorn ”Qatad” is a perennial extremely spiny under-shrub.

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Dyeing Acacia / Gum Arabica tree

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Scientific Name:Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Arabic name(s):Qarzz
English name(s):Dyeing Acacia / Gum Arabica tree
Growth form:

Dyeing Acacia "Qarz" an evergreen Tree.

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Fig

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Scientific Name:Ficus carica L.
Arabic name(s):Tin
English name(s):Edible Fig
Growth form:

The edible fig plant is a deciduous shrub or small tree. It has sweety fruits calls fig.

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Garden beet / Beetroot

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Scientific Name:Beta vulgaris L.
Arabic name(s):Silq
English name(s):Garden beet / Beetroot
Growth form:

Garden beet is an annual herb.

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Garden leek

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Scientific Name:Allium porrum L.
Arabic name(s):Kurrath
English name(s):Garden Leek
Growth form:

Leek is an edible biennial plant.

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Garlic

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Scientific Name:Allium sativum L.
Arabic name(s):Thoum
English name(s):Garlic
Growth form:

Garlic is an annual, bulbous plant.

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Ginger / Cooking ginger

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Scientific Name:Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Arabic name(s):Zanjabil
English name(s):Ginger / Cooking ginger
Growth form:

Ginger is a perennial herb.

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Grape

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Scientific Name:Vitis vinifera L.
Arabic name(s):Inab / Enab
English name(s):Grape
Growth form:

Grape is a deciduous climber shrub or tree.

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Hell’s plant

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Scientific Name:Convolvulus hystrix Vahl
Arabic name(s):Dhari’ / Shubroq
English name(s):Hell’s plant
Growth form:

Dhari' is a perennial low- shrub

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Henna

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Scientific Name:Lawsonia inermis L.
Arabic name(s):Henna
English name(s):Henna
Growth form:

Henna is a shrub or small tree.

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Lentil

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Scientific Name:Lens culinaris Medik.
Arabic name(s):Adas
English name(s):Lentil
Growth form:

Lentil is annual bushy herb with erect, semierect or spreading and compact growth habit.

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Mustard

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Scientific Name:Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch
Arabic name(s):Khardal
English name(s):Mustard
Growth form:

Mustard is an annual herb.

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Olive

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Scientific Name:Olea europaea L.
Arabic name(s):Zaytun
English name(s):Olive
Growth form:

Olive is an evergreen tree.

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Onion

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Scientific Name:Allium cepa L.
Arabic name(s):Basal
English name(s):Onion
Growth form:

Onion is an annual, bulbous plant.

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Pencil pines / Mediterranean Cypress

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Scientific Name:Cupressus sempervirens L.
Arabic name(s):Arrzah
English name(s):Pencil pines
Growth form:

Pencil pines or Mediterranean Cypress is an evergreen conifer. The pencil pins is normally no more than one meter wide, but this evergreen forms tall, dark green column of 10 to 12 meter in height.

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Pomegranate

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Scientific Name:Punica granatum L.
Arabic name(s):Rumman
English name(s):Pomegranate
Growth form:

Pomegranate is a deciduous shrub or small tree.

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Pumpkin

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Scientific Name:Cucurbita maxima Duchesne
Arabic name(s):Duba’a / Qarr’ Asali
English name(s):Pumpkin
Growth form:

Pumpkin is an annual, monoecious, trailing or climbing herb.

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Red Kamala / Kamala tree

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Scientific Name:Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll. Arg.
Arabic name(s):Warrs
English name(s):Red Kamala / Kamala tree
Growth form:

Kamala plant "Warrs" is a small to medium-sized monoecious tree.

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Rice

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Scientific Name:Oryza sativa L.
Arabic name(s):Aurz
English name(s):Rice
Growth form:

Rice is an annual cereal grass.

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Safflower

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Scientific Name:Carthamus tinctorius L.
Arabic name(s):Osfur
English name(s):Safflower
Growth form:

Safflower is an annual, herbaceous plant.

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Saffron / Saffron crocus

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Scientific Name:Crocus sativus L.
Arabic name(s):Za’afran
English name(s):Saffron / Saffron crocus
Growth form:

Saffron is a perennial or an annual corm.

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Sesame

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Scientific Name:Sesamum indicum L.
Arabic name(s):Semsem
English name(s):Sesame
Growth form:

True Sesame is an annual herbaceous plant.

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Shampoo ginger / Pinecone ginger

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Scientific Name:Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm.
Arabic name(s):Zarnab
English name(s):Shampoo ginger / Pinecone ginger
Growth form:

Shampoo ginger is a perennial herb.

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Snake cucumber/ hairy cucumber

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Scientific Name:Cucumis melo L. subsp. melo var. flexuosus (L.) Naudin
Arabic name(s):Qiththa
English name(s):Snake cucumber / hairy cucumber
Growth form:

Snake cucumber is an annual prostrate plant.

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Spiny Fruit

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Scientific Name:Neurada procumbens L.
Arabic name(s):Sa’adan
English name(s):Spiny Fruit
Growth form:

Spiny fruit plant is a desert, annual creeping herb.

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Spiny Zilla

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Scientific Name:Zilla spinosa (L.) Prantl.
Arabic name(s):Shubrum
English name(s):Spiny Zilla
Growth form:

Spiny zilla is a spiny desert shrub.

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Sweet Basil

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Scientific Name:Ocimum basilicum L.
Arabic name(s):Rayyhan
English name(s):Sweet Basil
Growth form:

Basil is an evergreen herbaceous perennial plant.

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Sweet flag / Calamus

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Scientific Name:Acorus calamus L.
Arabic name(s):Dharira
English name(s):Sweet flag / Calamus
Growth form:

Sweet flag is a semi-aquatic herbaceous plant.

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Tamarisk

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Scientific Name:Tamarix aphylla (L.) H. Karst
Arabic name(s):Athl/ Tarf’a
English name(s):Tamarisk
Growth form:

Tamarisk is an evergreen shrub or tree.

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Tree of Jews

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Scientific Name:Nitraria retusa (Forssk.) Asch.
Arabic name(s):Gharqad
English name(s):The tree of Jews
Growth form:

Nitraria retusa "Gharqad" is a salt-tolerant desert shrub.

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Siwak

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Scientific Name:Salvadora persica L.
Arabic name(s):Siwak/ Arak/ Khamt
English name(s):Toothbrush Tree / Siwak
Growth form:

Arak is an evergreen, shrub or small tree.

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True Senna

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Scientific Name:Senna alexandrina Mill.
Arabic name(s):Sana
English name(s):True Senna
Growth form:

True senna "Sanna" is a perennial herbaceous under-shrub.

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Truffle

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Scientific Name:Terfezia spp.
Arabic name(s):Kamah
English name(s):Truffle
Growth form:

A truffle is not a true plant; it is the fruiting body of an underground fungus like mushroom.

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Umbrella thorn

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Scientific Name:Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
Arabic name(s):Talh / Sayal
English name(s):Umbrella thorn
Growth form:

Umbrella thorn is an armed desert tree or shrub.

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Umbrella Thorn

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Scientific Name:Acacia tortilis (Forsk) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan
Arabic name(s):Talh/ Sayal
English name(s):Umbrella Thorn
Growth form:

Umbrella thorn is a medium umbrella-shaped tree.

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Watermelon

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Scientific Name:Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
Arabic name(s):Bittiekh
English name(s):Watermelon
Growth form:

Watermelon is an annual trailing, vine-like flowering plant.

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Wheat

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Scientific Name:Triticum aestivum L.
Arabic name(s):Burr - Hentah - Qamh
English name(s):Wheat
Growth form:

Wheat is an annual cereal grass.

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White Wormwood

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Scientific Name:Artemisia sieberi Besser
Arabic name(s):Thughamah
English name(s):White Wormwood
Growth form:

White wormwood is a strongly aromatic, perennial subshrub.

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