Siwak


Siwak

Plants Identity


Scientific Name

Salvadora persica L.

Arabic name(s)

Siwak/ Arak/ Khamt

English name(s)

Toothbrush Tree / Siwak

Order

Salvadorales

Family

Salvadoraceae

Genus

Salvadora L.

Species

Salvadora persica L.

Subspecies

Variety

Growth form

Arak is an evergreen, shrub or small tree.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Arak grows naturally in the desert of the Arabian Peninsula. Toothbrushes from this plant are of widespread use in the Muslim countries.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

The word Khamt "fruits of toothbrush tree" is mentioned once in the Holy Qur’an. Allah The Most Sublime Says; "But they turned away (from the obedience of Allah), so We sent against them Sail Al’Arim (flood released from the dam), and We converted their two garden (rows) into “gardens” producing bitter fruit, and tamarisks, and some few (stunted) Sidr.” Surat Sabaa, verse# 16

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

The Toothbrush tree has been mentioned in the Hadith & Sunnah (Sayings & Traditions of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH) as Siwak. Narrated by Abu Huraira, Allah’s Apostle said, “If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every prayer.” Sahih Al Bukhari, the book of Friday prayer.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant


Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature

Etymology

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Functional Uses


Uses

Products

Traditional Uses

Services

Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)


Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield

References