Olive


Olive

Plants Identity


Scientific Name

Olea europaea L.

Arabic name(s)

Zaytun

English name(s)

Olive

Order

Lamiales

Family

Oleaceae

Genus

Olea L.

Species

Olea europaea L.

Subspecies

Variety

Growth form

Olive is an evergreen tree.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Olive trees are widely cultivated in the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Its original habitat was probably in the East Mediterranean region.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

Zaytun "olive" appears in six verses in the Holy Qur’an. Allah the Most Sublime describes the Zaytun tree as a blessed tree. Allah the Most Sublime says: “Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as (if there were) a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass: the glass as it were a brilliant star, Lit from a blessed Tree, an Olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon Light! Allah doth guide whom He will to His Light: Allah doth set forth Parables for men: and Allah is the All-Knower of everything.” Surat An-Noor, Verse# 35

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Narrated by Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle “Eat the Zait (olive oil) and use it as an ointment, because it is produced by a blessed tree (olive tree)” Sunan At-Tirmidh, book of the foods.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant


Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature

Etymology

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Functional Uses


Uses

Foods

Products

Fruits

Traditional Uses

Services

Environment

Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)


Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield

References