Snake cucumber/ hairy cucumber

Snake cucumber/ hairy cucumber

Plants Identity

Scientific Name

Cucumis melo L. subsp. melo var. flexuosus (L.) Naudin

Arabic name(s)


English name(s)

Snake cucumber / hairy cucumber






Cucumis L.


Cucumis melo L. / Cucumis melo L. subsp. melo var. flexuosus (L.) Naudin



Growth form

Snake cucumber is an annual prostrate plant.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

The origin of the snake cucumbers "Qithaa" is belived to be Egypt and it is be distributed by human populations.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

Qithaa is mentioned one time in the Holy Qur’an Allah the Most Sublime Says; “And remember ye said: “O Moses! we cannot endure one kind of food (always); so beseech thy Lord for us to produce for us of what the earth groweth, -its pot-herbs, and cucumbers, Its garlic, lentils, and onions.” He said: “Will ye exchange the better for the worse? Go ye down to any town, and ye shall find what ye want!” They were covered with humiliation and misery; they drew on themselves the wrath of Allah. This because they went on rejecting the Signs of Allah and slaying His Messengers without just cause. This because they rebelled and went on transgressing”. Surat Al-Baqara, verse# 61

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

‘Abdullah b. Ja’far reported: I saw Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) eating cucumber with fresh dates. Sahih Muslim, book of drinks.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant

Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature


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Functional Uses



Traditional Uses


Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)

Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield