Qinw or Idhq

Qinw or Idhq

Arabic name(s)

Qinw or Idhq

English name(s)

Fruiting inflorescence of the date palm

Botanic term category

Plant’s organs

Botanic Term Definition

Qinw is the same as idhq; and translates to the fruiting inflorescence of the palm tree with the ripe dates it carries. In other words, it denotes the peduncles with their fresh, ripe fruits. The plural is qinwan. The qinw of a palm tree is a cluster of fruits which were originally an inflorescence with female flowers, whose ovules were fertilized and as a consequence produced fruit.

Botanic Term references in the Holy Qur’an

The word Qinwan appears once in the Holy Qur’an. Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate, says: “It is He Who sendeth down rain from the skies: with it we produce vegetation of all kinds: from some we produce green (crops), out of which we produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); out of the date palm and its sheaths (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near: and (then there are) gardens of grapes, and olives, and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet deferent (in variety): when they begin to bear fruit, feast your eyes with the fruit and the ripeness thereof. Behold! In these things there are signs for people who believe.” Surat Al Anaam, verse 99.

Botanic Term references in the Hadith

The word idhq has been mentioned in many occasions in the Hadith. Abu Huraira reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) went out (of his house) one day or one night, and there he found Abu Bakr and 'Umar also. He said: What has brought you out of your houses at this hour? They said: Allah's Messenger, it is hunger. Thereupon he said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, what has brought you out has brought me out too; get up. They got up along with him. and (all of them) came to the house of an Ansari, but he was not at home. When his wife saw him she said: Most welcome, and Allah's Messenger (may peace be Upon him) said to her: Where is so and so? She said: He has gone to get some fresh water for us. When the Ansari came and he saw Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and his two Companions, he said: Praise be to Allah, no one has more honorable guests today than I (have). He then went out and brought them “idhq” a bunch of ripe dates, dry dates and fresh dates, and said: Eat some of them. He then took hold of his long knife (for slaughtering a goat or a sheep). Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Beware of killing a milk animal. He slaughtered a sheep for them and after they had eaten of it and of the bunch and drank, and when they had taken their fill and had been fully satisfied with the drink, Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to Abu Bakr and Umar: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, you will certainly be questioned about this bounty on the Day of judgment. Hunger brought you out of your house, then you did not return until this bounty came to you Sahih Muslim, The Book of Drinks.

Other References for the Holy Qur’an

Other References for the Botanic term in the Hadithم

The Botanical term in the Arabic Literature

Botanical new discovers


ElGharib, A. E.; Botanical terms in the Holy Qur'an and Hadith " Qinw or idhq ". Qatar Foundation’s Fortnightly newspaper, issue 108, Thursday 3 April 2014.