Balm of Gilead Tree

Balm of Gilead Tree

Plants Identity

Scientific Name

Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C. Chr.

Arabic name(s)

Basahm / Balasan Makki

English name(s)

Balm of Gilead Tree






Commiphora Jacq. – myrrh


Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C. Chr.



Growth form

Bisham "Balm of Gilead" is a dioecious small tree or a large shrub, up to 4m.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

The plant is native to South West Arabia, on mountains and in the drier coastal areas. Also occurring in Dhofar, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

The word Bisahm is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

We prayed Friday, then the people joined together around Abi Raja’a Al-’Utaridy, then people asked him about the sedition (dissension), he said: two men came to ‘Ubadah bin As-Samit, and they said: O bin As-Samit, repeat the hadith you did say for us!, he said yes, I had heard the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, says, the good money will be two of Mecca’s and Medina’s sheep which shepherd over the heads of the housings, and eating from the leaves of Qatad (Desert thorn) and Bisham(balm of Gilead) plants, and its owner and his family eats from its meat and drink from its milk , while the majority of Arab in these days will be impeded in the dissension. Prophet Mohammad said this three times, and then He said; By Him in Whose Hand my soul is! If anyone of you has three hundred sheep eat form its meat, and drink from its milk, it will be much better for him than to own like these pillars (of the mosque) gold and silver. Al-Mustadrak alaa Al-Sahihain- by Hakim Al-Nishaburi.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant

Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature


Did you know?

Functional Uses





Traditional Uses



Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)

Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield