Scientific Name: Vitis vinifera L.

Arabic name(s): العِنَب

English name(s): Grape

Growth form: Grape is a deciduous climber shrub or tree.

Order: Vitales

Family: Vitaceae

Genus: Vitis L.

Species: Vitis vinifera L.

Citation in the Quran:

The word Inab “grape” and its derivatives are mentioned 11 times in the Holy Qur’an. Allah the Most Sublime Says; “And in the earth are tracts (diverse though) neighbouring, and gardens of vines and fields sown with corn, and palm trees – growing out of single roots or otherwise: watered with the same water, yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. Behold, verily in these things there are signs for those who understand!” Surat Ar-Raad, verse#4

Citation in the Hadit:

Raisins (Zabib); the dried grape is mentioned in Hadith. Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri: We used to give one Sa’ of meal or one Sa’ of barley or one Sa’ of dates, or one Sa’ of cottage cheese or one Sa’ of Raisins (dried grapes) as Zakat-ul-Fitr. Sahih Al Bukhari, book of obligatory charity tax after Ramadaan .

Habitat & Distribution:

Vitis is one of the most widespread plants in the Mediterranean region.

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