Scientific Name: Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch

Arabic name(s): الخَرْدل

English name(s): Mustard

Growth form: Mustard is an annual herb.

Order: Brassicales

Family: Brassicaceae

Genus: Brassica L.

Species: Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch

Citation in the Quran:

The word khardal “mustard” is mentioned twice in the Holy Qur’an. Allah The Most Sublime Says; “And if there be (no more than) the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it (to account): and enough are We to take account.” Surat Al-Anbya’a, verse 47

Citation in the Hadit:

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, “When the people of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hell will go to Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith equal to the weight of a grain of Mustard seed to be taken out from Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will be blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river of Haya’ (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to which is the right term), and they will revive like a grain that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don’t you see that it comes out yellow and twisted”. Sahih Al Bukhari, book of belief.

Habitat & Distribution:

Mustard is cultivated in most regions of the world, but it is believed to be native to the southern Mediterranean region of Europe and possibly South Asia.

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