Scientific Name: Oryza sativa

Arabic name(s): الأرَزُ

English name(s): Rice

Growth form: Rice is an annual cereal grass.

Order: Poales

Family: Poaceae

Genus: Oryza L.

Species: Oryza sativa L.

Citation in the Quran:

The plant is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

Citation in the Hadit:

Narrated by Ibn Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “Once three persons (from the previous nations) were traveling, and suddenly it started raining and they took shelter in a cave. The entrance of the cave got closed while they were inside. They said to each other, ‘O you! Nothing can save you except the truth, so each of you should ask Allah’s Help by referring to such a deed as he thinks he did sincerely (i.e. just for gaining Allah’s Pleasure).’ So one of them said; ‘O Allah! You know that I had a laborer who worked for me for one Faraq (i.e. measurement of three Sas) of rice, but he departed, leaving it (i.e. his wages). I sawed that Faraq of rice and with its yield I bought cows (for him). Later on when he came to me asking for his wages, I said (to him), ‘Go to those cows and drive them away.’ He said to me, ‘But you have to pay me only a Faraq of rice,’ I said to him, ‘Go to those cows and take them, for they are the product of that Faraq (of rice).’ So he drove them. O Allah! If you consider that I did that for fear of You, then please remove the rock.’ The rock shifted a bit from the mouth of the cave”. Sahih Al Bukhari, book of agriculture.

Habitat & Distribution:

Rice is growing near rivers in Africa, Asia, West India countries and Caribbean Sea.

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