Sweet basil

Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum L.

Arabic name(s): الرَّيْحَان

English name(s): Sweet basil

Growth form: Basil is an evergreen herbaceous perennial plant.

Order: Lamiales

Family: Lamiaceae

Genus: Ocimum L.

Species: Ocimum basilicum L.

Citation in the Quran:

The word Ar-Rayhan “basil” has been mentioned twice in the Holy Qur’an. Allah the Most Sublime Says: Thus, then, if he be of those Nearest to Allah, (There is for him) Rest and Satisfaction, and a Garden of Delights.” Surat Al- Waqeah, Verses # 88, 89

Citation in the Hadit:

Narrated by Abu Musa: The Prophet said, “and the example of a hypocrite who recites the Qur’an is like a Rayahana (sweet basil) which smells good but tastes bitter” Sahih Al Bukhari, book of food.

Habitat & Distribution:

Originally, basil is native to India and tropical regions in Asia, but now it is considered as a widespread medicinal and aromatic herb.

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