Sweet flag/Calamus

Scientific Name: Acorus calamus L.

Arabic name(s): الذَّريرَة

English name(s): Sweet flag/Calamus

Growth form: Sweet flag is a semi-aquatic herbaceous plant.

Order: Acoraceae

Family: Acoraceae

Genus: Acorus L.

Species: Acorus calamus L

Citation in the Quran:

The plant is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

Citation in the Hadit:

Narrated by ‘Aisha; during the last Pilgrimage Hajjat-al-Wada’, I perfumed Allah’s Apostle with Dharira with my own hands, both on his assuming Ihram and after finishing it. Sahih Al Bukhari, book of the dress.

Habitat & Distribution:

Sweet flag “Dharira” grows along the edges of ponds, lakes, and rivers especially at Asia, but it also may grow in arid lands. Dharira is a traditional perfumed powder made from the dried leaves and rhizomes of some plant species e.g. sweet flag.

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