Umbrella thorn

Scientific Name: Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne

Arabic name(s): السَّمُر

English name(s): Umbrella thorn

Growth form: Umbrella thorn is an armed desert tree or shrub.

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Acacia Mill.

Species: Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne

Citation in the Quran:

The name of the plant is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

Citation in the Hadit:

Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:That while he was with Allahs Apostle who was accompanied by the people on their way back from Hunain, the Bedouins started begging things of Allah’s Apostle so much so that they forced him to go under a Samura tree where his loose outer garment was snatched away. On that, Allah’s Apostle stood upand said to them: “Return my garment to me. If I had as many camels as these trees, I would have distributed hem amongst you; and you will not find me a miser or a liar or a coward”.

Sahih al-Bukhari – Book of fighting for the cause of Allah.

Habitat & Distribution:

Umbrella thorn “Samor” is considered as one of the larger widespread trees prevalent in the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa.

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