Botanical terms in the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah

The botanical world, including plants, their growth and fruits, has appeared many times in various A’yat (verses) of the Holy Qur’an. Plants are not merely referred to for the purpose of entreating the blessings of God, but there are mentioned in  A’yat (verses) which concern the process of creation, procreation, and resurrection, as well as in those that  exhort mankind to scrutinize, contemplate, reason, and reflect. They are also appear in A’yat (verses) which refute the false claim of the unbelievers with regard to Allah’s power to procreate and to re-new life from that which is dead, and to restore man to life after death.

The Prophet Muhammad’s Hadith& Sunnah (sayings and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad Pace& blessing be upon him (PBUH)) mentioned many plants in different occasions and serving various objectives.

The Botanical terms in the Holy Qur’an has discussed a number of issues concerning with the existence of plant life which may not been understood by some people to this day. In this paper we will focus on the definition of some botanical terms mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and from botanic and Arabic language perspectives.

Definition of the Botanical terms

The Botanical terms are those words or expressions relating to plants and/or habitats and mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith.

The Botanical terms in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith may donate to plants’ names, General botanical terminologies, life forms, plants organs, Genetic/ Physiological Phenomenon and/or Spatial/ Environment element.

With the exception of plant names, more than 82 Botanical terms has been mentioned in the Holy Quran. Also, about 60 botanical has been recorded in the Hadith. These figures will be increased with deep research on the verses of the Holy Quran and Hadith.

Why to study the Botanical terms?

  • To Accurate and profound understanding of the meanings of the verses of the Quran and Hadith

  • It Call for consideration and insight into the creatures of Allah.

  • Deep understanding of the meanings of plant terminology mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah

  • Study of the Botanical terms is a good entrance to study Botany, simplified science especially for students and non-specialists in Botany.

  • The Botanical terms in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith are often associated with simile, parables, ethics, recipes and behaviors which are needed to humanity. So studying those terms has a major role in highlighting such ethics for the individual and society.

List of Botanic Terms


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Botanical Terms

Abb is the fodder or fresh or dried herbs, which is a weed for grazing, mowing or forage. The word Abb is used to describe the growth of plants from the soil. Abb include herbs that grow in diverse environments, such as deserts, plains, valleys and forests, and which are eaten by livestock and are a major source of nutrition. Just as man depends on some plants as a source of nutrition, he also depends on the meat of animals that feed on the  .... MORE


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Botanical Terms

The word Afnan is mentioned in the Noble Qur’an when describing Heaven in the noble verse, “having to Afnan”, which scholars interpreted as branches of all kinds, varieties and colors. Some commentators said that “Afnan” means the intertwining branches or the ends of the branches of a tree, or the branches that extend from the tree’s stalk and produce leaves and fruits. From it the fruits are reaped and the believers enjoy their sh.... MORE


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Botanical Terms

Ahwa: A word describing a plant if it dies and dries up for a long time, as it becomes dark and dry. The stages of plant’s life begin with taking out the pasture, then growth and flowering after that it dries up and becomes dark in color with age. The word “Ahwa” means dry and dark in color with age.

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Botanical Terms

The term “Aika” refers to dense, intertwining trees of one or more species of plants that grow together in a single habitat. The Aika may refer to a group of sidr trees, arak tree, athl (tamarisk tree), or palm trees. The Aika (grove) is found in the Arabian Peninsula in the lowlands and valleys. It is called ghaida as well, because water and soil are deposited in it.

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