Naqeer & Qitmeer (Speck & membrane of a date seed) Micropyle and Endocarp

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Botanical term

“Micropyle: A minute opening in the dorsal side of a palm seed. It serves as a link between the seed and the outer world, since it allows water into the internal part of the seed to provide nutrition to the embryo.
Endocarp: The thin layer that surrounds a palm seed. Because of its membranous nature, it is usually eaten along with the fruit. “


Reference in the Quran or Hadith

“Both terms, as well as the following one, are mentioned in the Glorious Quran as symbols of minute things. An instance of naqeer (speck) is: (Or have they a share of dominion? Then [if that were so], they would not give the people [even as much as] the speck on a date seed.) [An-Nisaa: 53]
An instance of qitmeer (membrane) is: (He causes the night to enter the day, and He causes the day to enter the night and has subjected the sun and the moon – each running [its course] for a specified term. That is Allah, your Lord; to Him belongs sovereignty. And those whom you invoke other than Him do not possess [as much as] the membrane of a date seed.) [Faatir: 13]”

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